Богатырские поэмы Н.А. Радищева: проблема памяти жанра былины
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Мова тексту: ru
Дата видання: 2014-06-12
Авторські формати: word
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Богатырские поэмы Н.А. Радищева: проблема памяти жанра былины

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В статье И.Л.Щедрина в свете созданной М.М. Бахтиным концепции памяти жанра анализируется жанровая специфика богатырских поэм Н.А. Радищева «Алеша Попович» и «Чурила Пленкович» и характер проявления в их структуре элемента былины как одного из жанров-предшественников.

Ключевые слова: жанр, былина, богатырская поэма, волшебно-сказочная поэма, память жанра.

Щедрін І.Л. БОГАТИРСЬКІ ПОЕМИ Н.А. РАДІЩЕВА: ПРОБЛЕМА ПАМ’ЯТІ ЖАНРУ БИЛИНИ / Запорізький національний університет, Україна

У статті за допомогою висуненої М.М. Бахтіним концепції «пам’яті жанру» аналізується жанрова специфіка богатирських поем Н.А. Радіщева «Альоша Попович» та «Чуріла Пленкович» та характер проявів у їхній структурі елементу билини як одного з жанрів-попередників.

Ключові слова: жанр, билина, богатирська поема, чарівно-казкова поема, пам'ять жанру.

Schedrіn І.L. HEROIC FAIRY TALES BY N.A. RADISHCHEV: THE PROBLEM OF BYLINA’S GENRE MEMORY / Zaporіzhzhya National University, Ukraine

The author analyzes the relationship between heroic fairy tales by N.A. Radyshchev “Alyosha Popovich” and “Churila Plenkovic” and Russian epos in the light of M.M. Bakhtin’s theory of genre and his concept of genre memory. At present, there appear works about folklorism of poems by N.A. Radyshchev who had a great influence on the poem by A.S. Pushkin “Ruslan and Lyudmila”. However, there is no complete study on bylina’s influence on N.A. Radyshchev’s epic works. To solve this problem the article provides a comparative analysis of the main features of poems by Radyshchev and genre differentiation criteria of bylina. The analysis is performed on 8 corresponding points: subject of works, individual authors’ worldview, characteristic literary devices, social and aesthetic value of a work, poetic characteristics, unpoetic formal characteristics, author’s definition of the genre. As part of the study, the author provides the most complete, compared with previous studies, description of the plot and other ties between the poems ”Alyosha Popovich” and “Churila Plenkovic” and prosaic “heroic fairy tales” by V.A. Levshin about Alyosha Popovich and Churila Plenkovic. The author also examines the influence of genre memory of bylina on Radyshchev’s worldview, chronotope of his poems, characteristics of the main characters, poetic characteristics of his works. As follows from the analysis, genre memory of bylina in poems “Alyosha Popovich” and “Churila Plenkovic” appeared mainly at the level of plot structure, some elements of worldview, character profiles – especially as for Churila Plenkovic. Intermediary genres in this context were Russian chronicles based among other things on folklore sources, manuscript collections of epics, and literary heroic fairy tales of the second half of the XVIII century. At the level of rhythm and poetic characteristics, genre memory of bylina had practically no influence on the works by N.A. Radyshchev. Thus, including poems by Radyshchev in intergenre community of heroic fairy tales is valid. Specifics of the display of genre memory of bylina in these poems give grounds for judgments about changes in the request of readers’ crowds in Russia from the 1780s to the 1800s, the growth of the request for nationality and ethnicity in works, gravity to folklore.

Key words: genre, bylina, heroic fairy tale, magic fairy tale, genre memory.
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